ARSA is pleased to publish Acuitas LawInsight for September 2023 / Issue #2.

This semi-annual publication contains the following articles written by our team:


1. Forfeiture – Forfeiture of Land for Non-Payment of Quit Rent: A new look at this issue
2. Airbnb – Is it Upending the Rental Market for Locals? Are Controls needed?
3. REIT – Benefits of Establishing a Plantation-based REIT
4. RPGT – New Amendments
5. Nuzriah – Unilateral Vow made by a Vower to give his/her Personal Property to an Heir. What does this mean?
6. EV – So many EVs: Developers might have no choice but make Charging Facilities part of their Projects
7. ChatGPT – Can it Replace Lawyers – since AI has all the Legal Resources to draw from….in an instant?
8. EV – Charging – Legal Issues


New Provision Under The Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) Act 2009


“Companies, not just people, to be prosecuted for graft from June 1”

The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) has announced that a new provision under the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009 enabling the prosecution of companies involved in graft will be enforced beginning June 1.

Prior to this, the MACC Act focused only on prosecuting individuals involved in corruption.

In a statement today, the PMO said the government was committed to combating corruption, improving integrity and implementing good governance. It said this would be prioritised whether in the government, private sector or even civil society organisations.

“The gazetting of the provision under Section 17A of the MACC Act on May 4, 2018, established the implementation of the corporate liability principle involving commercial organisations.”

This means that commercial organisations would be committing an offence if any of its employees or those associated with it was involved in corruption for the benefit of the organisation.

“After considering the current situation and the views of all parties, the government has decided that the implementation of this corporate liability law will continue to be enforced from Jun 1, 2020.”

This, the PMO said, was to encourage commercial organisations to take appropriate measures to ensure that their businesses are not involved in corruption.

It was previously reported that the anti-graft agency was studying a proposal to suspend the implementation of Section 17A of the MACC Act due to demands from companies which were not prepared with appropriate anti-corruption plans and which were suffering from a dip in business due to Covid-19.

MACC chief commissioner Azam Baki said the companies had asked for a one-year delay in the implementation of Section 17A.



Tahun Pelupusan

Cukai Keuntungan Dikenakan

Pelupusan dalam masa 3 tahun


Pelupusan dalam masa 4 tahun


Pelupusan dalam masa 5 tahun


Pelupusan dalam masa 6 tahun dan selepasnya



Cukai keuntungan harta ini hanya dikenakan kepada penjual/pemilik hartanah yang ingin melupuskan hartanah yang dimilikinya ke atas keuntungan bersih selepas pelupusan atau penjualan harta. Ertinya jika tiada untung ke atas penjualan tersebut tiada cukai yang dikenakan. Tarikh-tarikh yang relevan adalah tarikh hartanah diperoleh dan dilupuskan berdasarkan tarikh perjanjian jual beli ditandatangani untuk kedua-dua hartanah sedia bangun dan dalam pembinaan.

Pemilik juga boleh menolak apa2 kos atau perbelanjaan berikut dari harga pembelian hartanah tersebut:

(i)         Penambahbaikan/baiki kerosakan hartanah
(ii)        Bayaran premium (untuk hartanah pajakan)
(iii)       Kos lantikan ejen hartanah
(iv)       Kos surveyor
(v)        Kos peguam
(vi)       Duti setem
(vii)      Kos pengiklanan bagi mendapatkan pembeli (jika iklan tanpa melalui ejen)

Walau bagaimanapun resit pembayaran untuk kos-kos tersebut hendaklah dilampirkan bagi membuktikan kos yang terlibat dan ditolak daripada keuntungan.

Setiap individu boleh memilih memohon pengecualian CKHT sekali seumur hidup – Perenggan 9, Jadual 3 Akta CKHT 1976.

Pelupusan dengan balasan kasih sayang, turun-milik akibat kematian, pelupusan hartanah untuk tujuan kebajikan, dan pengambil alihan hartanah oleh kerajaan tidak dikenakan sebarang cukai.

Bagi warganegara dan penduduk tetap yang menjual sesebuah hartanah, peguam mereka akan memegang 3% daripada harga jualan/pelepasan hartanah itu sebaik sahaja bayaran deposit pertama dibuat oleh Pembeli. Manakala bagi bukan warganegara & warga asing, kadar yang ditetapkan ada lah 7%.

Peguamcara Penjual akan membuat bayaran bagi pihak Penjual beserta dengan borang yang perlu dilengkapkan kepada Lembaga Hasil Dalam Negeri dalam tempoh 60 hari dari tarikh perjanjian jual beli untuk memenuhi syarat CKHT yang dikenakan.

Penjual yang gagal membuat pembayaran dalam masa 60 hari dari tarikh yang sepatutnya akan dikenakan denda. Denda yang dikenakan adalah 10% daripada jumlah keseluruhan CKHT.


  • Bagi pemerolehan sebelum tahun 2000, cukai keuntungan akan dikira mengikut nilai hartanah bermula tahun 2000


  • Terdapat pengecualian cukai ini bagi hartanah kos rendah dan sederhana sahaja yang dilupuskan pada harga kurang RM200,000

The New Insolvency Act 1967

The Bankruptcy (Amendment) Bill 2016 has finally come into force in Malaysia on 6 October 2017, renaming the existing Bankruptcy Act 1967 to the Insolvency Act 1967. Key amendments include the following:-


Threshold for commencement of bankruptcy proceedings has increased from RM 50,000 to RM 100,000.


A creditor will no longer able to commence bankruptcy action against a “social guarantor”, i.e. a person who provides not-for-profit guarantees for:

  • a loan, scholarship or grant for educational or research purposes;
  • a hire-purchase transaction of a vehicle for personal or non-business use; and
  • a housing loan transaction solely for personal dwelling.


A creditor must obtain leave of the court before commencing any bankruptcy action against other guarantors (not being social guarantors). To obtain leave, the creditor must satisfy the court that he has exhausted all modes of execution and enforcement to recover the debts owed to him by the debtor.


The Act introduced an automatic discharge of a bankrupt upon the expiration of three (3) years from the date of submission of the statement of affairs by the bankrupt, if he has:

  • achieves the target contribution of his provable debt; and
  • complied with the requirement to render an account of moneys and property to the Director General of Insolvency (DGI).


Creditors will no longer be allowed to object to discharge of certain bankrupts, such as:

  • a bankrupt with a disability under the Persons with Disabilities Act 2008;
  • a social guarantor;
  • a deceased bankrupt; and
  • a bankrupt suffering from serious illness.


A new pre-bankruptcy rescue mechanism; “voluntary arrangement” was introduced. This provides the debtor the opportunity to negotiate a debt settlement proposal with his creditors before he is adjudged a bankrupt.

Main features of this rescue mechanism are as below:

  • Appointing a nominee (“nominee”), who must be a registered chartered accountant, an advocate and solicitor or such other person as prescribed by the DGI to supervise the implementation of the voluntary arrangement;
  • The debtor will apply to the court for an interim order of voluntary arrangement (“interim order”), which will be for a period of 90 days that cannot be extended;
  • Within the period of the interim order made by the court, no bankruptcy petition and other legal proceedings can be commenced against the debtor except with permission from the court;
  • During the period of the interim order, the nominee will hold a meeting with all of the debtor’s creditors to secure their approval for the voluntary arrangement. The nominee will need to secure more than 50% in number and at least 75% in value of the creditors present personally or by proxy and voting on the resolution. The voluntary arrangement will then be binding on all creditors once approval is obtained.
  • However, if the proposal is not approved by the creditors, the court may set aside the interim order.